Scoliosis, which can occur in any region of the spine, is the presence of abnormal lateral curving. Often taking shape in the form of an “S” or “C”, scoliosis typically sets in during adolescent years with cases of adult onset scoliosis being increasingly rare. Though the cause is not fully known, the suspected attributing factors include birth defects, infections, muscular disorders and injuries.

Types of Scoliosis

Scoliosis takes shape in a variety of ways, leaving doctors to determine a proper course of action for spine conditions present in an abnormal spine. Some of the different types of scoliosis include:

Congenital Scoliosis

  • Occurring during the development of the spine, Congenital scoliosis may include bones in the spine not being formed correctly or abnormal fusing of bone structures leading to the curvatures exhibited in scoliosis patients.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

  • Attributed to muscular diseases like Muscular Dystrophy and Cerebral Palsy, Neuromuscular Scoliosis affects the spine by weakening muscles surrounding the spine, hindering typical spine growth and development.

Scoliosis Diagnosis

Scoliosis is most easily seen via MRI or physical examination by one of our expert physicians. Characterized by its common “S” or “C” shaped formation of the spine, most of the clues in regards to scoliosis are visual.

Scoliosis Treatment

Treatment of scoliosis is very dependent on the severity of the condition or conditions surrounding it. Many times, scoliosis paves the way for additional spine conditions like spinal stenosis, where the passageways in the spine that the nerves traverse are narrowed, creating pinched nerves and radiculopathy. In most cases, pressure in the spine can be alleviated, allowing nerves to flow freely. Though the presence of scoliosis may not be completely cured, most conditions as a result of scoliosis are treatable at the Deuk Spine Institute.